“Doctors who have completed their medical qualification in an EU/EEA member state and who are EU/EEA citizens are licensed in accordance with the European directive 2005/36/EC. With the directive training of doctors and medical specialists is harmonised across the EU/EEA area and qualifications received in one member state will generally be automatically recognised across all the member states.
Valvira (National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health) grants two different licences. The type of licensing you will be granted depends on your qualifications and training.
• If you have a primary medical qualification, you can be licensed to practice medicine.
• If your specialist training complies with the requirements of directive 2005/36/EC on the recognition of professional qualifications, you can be licensed to practice as a medical specialist.
Earlier clinical work experience
If your qualification does not meet the above European Directive requirements, you may be granted a licence on the basis of your qualification and clinical experience. You need to have a total of three consecutive years of clinical experience gained over the past five years in order for your clinical experience to compensate your insufficient qualification.
Compensation measures: aptitude test and adaptation period
If your qualification does not meet the directive requirements and you do not have enough clinical experience to be licensed, you may be able to demonstrate your professional competence by taking compensation measures. The measures include a so-called aptitude test or an adaptation period and Valvira may request one from you.
Aptitude test & adaptation period
The aptitude test is designed to assess whether you have the necessary knowledge and skills to practice medicine. Valvira will give you information on the test content in the decision you will receive after your application.
The adaptation period means working in Finland under the supervision of another doctor for a maximum of three years. The adaptation period can also include further medical training. You are responsible for finding suitable employment for yourself for the adaptation period; please contact hospitals directly.
All doctors working in Finland must be able to speak either Finnish or Swedish. Finland is officially a bilingual country and some 5% of the population speaks Swedish as their first language.
Citizens of EU/EEA member states are not required to provide official proof of their Finnish or Swedish skills directly to Valvira in order to be licensed.
However, please keep in mind that your employer has a legal duty to ensure that all healthcare professionals it hires (no matter citizenship) have good enough language skills to successfully perform their professional duties. Your employer is allowed to request an official proof of your language skills from you.
For further information on language, see Information on Finnish language”