Professional Recognition Process
Responsible Organisations: 
Ordem do Médicos - Portuguese Medical Association


Entity name: 

Ordem dos Médicos - Portuguese Medical Association

Contact Data: 

1794-084 LISBOA

+351 218427100

+351 218 437 75

Web url:


Requirements and Documents needed
Documents needed: 

- 3 photos
- I.D. or Residence Permit or Passport
- Professional degree in accordance with the EU legislation
- Criminal record (issued no-later than three months before registration)
- Portuguese Tax identification number
- Certificate of good standing by the medical authority of the origin country
- To pay the Registration fee

For Non-EU Citizenship or medical degree obtained in a Non-EU University, it is also required:
- Certificate of graduation
- Certificate of equivalence by a Portuguese University
- Curriculum Vitae as proof of professional activity
- Proof of practicing medicine for at least three out of the last 5 years if you want autonomy for practice

Directive 2005/36/EC Applicability: 

- For doctors obtaining their their qualifications in another EU country, the recognition is automatically made;
- For doctors obtaining their their qualifications in non-EU Universities, their professional recognition is made by the the EC's Directive 2005/36/EC.

Note: the conditions applied to EU Citizens are also applied to Brazilian Citizens. For more information, please check “Tratado de Amizade e Cooperação e Consulta entre a República Portuguesa e a República Federativa do Brasil” (46th and 47th article - signed on the 22nd April 2011).

Other Requirements: 

It is necessary to register in the Portuguese Medical Association. Each case is dealt in the Regional Section you address (North – Porto; Centre - Coimbra; South - Lisbon). All documents have to be validated and you must also provide copies translated to portuguese.


Deadlines and Duration

Process duration: 5 months + 1 month for Non-EU Citizens.

There are no application deadlines for the registry.

For the Communication Skills test you have to check when the next one is taking place.

Re-certification required: 


Internship required?: 
Is it required to start with postgraduate medical training?: 


What is the procedure for a foreign doctor to start with it?: 

A foreign doctor must register first it the Portuguese Medical Association.

To apply to the Postgraduate training process, a doctor that has graduated from a non-portuguese speaking University has to perform a Communication Skills test (you have to check when the next one is taking place).

Then you have to follow the process described above (points 5.3 and 5.4).


Postgraduate Medical Training
Responsible Organisations: 

Ordem dos Médicos - Portuguese Medical Association

Administração Central dos Serviços de Saúde (ACSS) – Health Services' Central Administration



Entity name: 

Ordem dos Médicos - Portuguese Medical Association

Administração Central dos Serviços de Saúde (ACSS) – Health Services' Central Administration


Selection and Deadlines: 

Every year, the opening for the Postgraduate training selection is announced here: http://www.acss.min-saude.pt/%C3%81reaseUnidades/CoordeRegForma%C3%A7%C3...

This opening takes place, usually, in August, and the deadline for the application is by the end of September. The application can be made online or in one of the ACSS delegations (Lisboa, Porto, Coimbra, Évora, Faro, Angra do Heroísmo or Funchal).

You have to submit:

- copy of your Portuguese Tax identification card- copy of your I.D. card (for EU members) or, if you are not from the EU: copy of a working visa
- certificate of graduation (with final grade, in a scale from 0 to 20).
- certificate of registration in the Portuguese Medical Association (issued in less than 3 months)
- a document proving the military or civic situation when appropriate, which may be substituted by a declaration under oath, that the person has fulfilled the obligations of the Military Service Act (when it is mandatory)
- criminal record
- a certificate of achievement on the Communication Skills test

The exam takes place in the last trimester of each year (usually in the middle of November).

Selection Process Description: 

To enter a specialty you need to take the competitive National Examination for application for postgraduate training posts.

At the time, this National Examination is based on the content from the latest edition of the book "Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine" - however, there is an open discussion about the content of the Examination and probably it will be changed by 2015.

The Examination will rank you at national level according to your mark, and thus your position in the competition for training posts.

It takes place every last trimester of each civil year. Each year the number of training positions is announced.

Until now, there were available training positions to all the candidates.

However, as the number of junior doctors in Portugal is rapidly increasing, it is expected that, in the near future, the number of available training positions will be inferior to the number of candidates.

Please note: there is an ongoing debate about re-designing a new National Examination, so this information can rapidly change – we are going to try to keep this information updated as much as possible.

Application Deadlines: 

You have to check their opening here:


 To do the examination you have to check in September for the Communication Skills test.


Funding of PGT (government-funded/funded by tax/included in healthcare insurance, etc.): 

Government funded.

Scientific Associations: 

Portuguese Medical Association (Ordem dos Médicos: https://www.ordemdosmedicos.pt)

It is the independent regulator and professional organization of health care professionals and it is in charge of: a) giving licence to practice;

b) organizing the medical residency programs;

c) professional – guilt questions.

It promotes and safeguards the rights and interests of medical doctors, works on upgrading the standards of medical practice, protects the reputation of medical professionals and protects patients by ensuring good practice and fostering high standards of care.

Medical doctors practicing medicine in Portugal must register with the Portuguese Medical Association.
It makes part of the UEMS.

The national council that represents junior doctors in Portugal (“Conselho Nacional do Médico Interno“) is part of the Portuguese Medical Association.

There arealso two medical unions, that provide legal help regarding work conditions and also negociate with the government in terms of doctors' labour rights.

- Sindicato Independente dos Médicos - http://www.sim.pt

- Federação Nacional dos Médicos – http://www.fnam.pt

Existent Medical Degrees
Medical Degrees: 

Medical Doctor (Médico), Specialist (Especialista), Consultant (Consultor).

Working Conditions
Salary Gross/Brutto (basic, no oncalls included, in EUR): 

The therotical salary is 1835€. However, due to the Portuguese financial adjustment program, all public servants' salaries were cut down, so actually, nowadays, the Resident gross salary is 1636€. We do not know yet if this cut-down is temporary or if it is going to be permanent.

Used taxation scales, and (if known) average taxation percentage applied to salary: 

23% on average.

Paid Overtime: 
Type of Contracts: 

Unfixed-term contract

Sick Leave: 
Sick leave info: 

You may have a reduction of salary for sick days.

Paid vacation: 
Vacation info: 

Traditionally it has been 25 days per year. However, due to the Portuguese financial adjustment program, this might change in the short term.

Maternity leave: 
Social security system like unemployment benefits: 


Type of healthcare – healthcare for free National health system or Health Insurance: 

Free National health system

Other Information
Training Center Acreditation: 

Tradiotionally it has been performed by the Portuguese Medical Association.

It includes inspections and re-certification every 5 years.

Acceptance of foreign trainees for short term: 


Mandatory Insurance required (for malpractice): 
Who is responsible for the damage immaterial and material: 

When you practice at a public hospital, the hospital undertakes your insurance.

If you have a private practice, you have to do your own insurance – “seguro de responsabilidade civil profissional“: professional legal liability insurance.

Is there a difference in cases of civil claims and/or criminal procedures and/or disciplinary procedures?: 


Perspective towards migration of Healthcare Professionals and additional information: 

Portuguese health care professionals and patients are used to foreign doctors and accept them well.

This happens, because in the past there was a deficit of doctors in Portugal, so many foreign doctors immigrated to Portugal.

So, nowadays, there is a large community of doctors coming from Spain, Brazil, African countries (mostly, Angola, Cape Verde, Mozambique) and, in more recent years, from Eastern European countries (mostly, Ukraine and Moldavia).

Most of these doctors work in smaller cities, as these are the ones that need doctors the most.

However, because of the financial crisis, many of these doctors are returning to their home countries or going to other european countries.

Regarding training doctors: they are welcomed, but, as we have said, it is expected that, in the near future, the number of available training positions will be inferior to the number of candidates to medical training.

As a consequence, it will be harder, in the future, for foreign doctors to get a training position in Portugal.

Updating of information
Last date this information was checked: 

23rd March 2014

Person providing the data and contact (must include e-mail adress): 

Mariana Brandao